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Details of the Parts of a Dart

Harrows darts

Details of the Parts of a Dart


All the dart equipment you need to play darts is a dartboard, a set of 3 darts, a throw-line, and a scoreboard, a sheet of paper, or even an app to keep score. All other equipment is optional and it may enhance your game. Dedicated players that have established a consistent throw and have achieved a higher skill level, look for specialty stores that allow a customer to try the darts before purchase, this helps one find a set of darts that suits their particular playing style. We will explain below the Details of The Parts of a Dart.


Details of The Parts of a Dart

Darts are made up of four parts: a point, a barrel, a shaft, and a flight. The barrels are the main body that you grip and come in many shapes, sizes, and materials. Flights and shafts can be replaced and the many sizes and shapes help customize the dart to an individual’s play style. A properly balanced dart will fly straight and track to the board with very little movement.

parts of a dart
Parts of a Dart

Dart Materials

Darts come in many different materials, weights, and grip texture. The most common type of metal is brass, nickel silver, and tungsten. Brass is reasonably-priced and is ideal for the recreational player and the occasional pub game. Nickel Silver has the same attributes as brass but will not tarnish. Tungsten is extremely dense and is popular because of its weight to size ratio resulting in a heavier weight in a smaller barrel. Comparing barrels, one made from brass and one from tungsten the identical weight, you will see that the tungsten barrel is 3X smaller than the brass barrel. These essential qualities make tungsten the choice for the more serious players.

Weight of Darts

Steel tip darts are measured by weighing the point and barrel minus the flight and shaft. Darts are available in a wide range of weights (from 18 – 40 grams). The most popular weighing 18–23 grams made of brass and 23–26 grams when made of tungsten.

Soft tip darts are measured by weighing the entire dart. The most common weights used to play soft tip darts are 16, 18, and 20 grams.

Shapes of Dart Barrels

There are many barrel shapes that can affect your grip.

front loaded dartspencil shaped darts

parts of a dartstubby darts

parts of a dart

Dart Barrel Grip Types

Darts come in a variety of grips and is another way that they can be customized to the individual. Knurling provides the most grip options, the texture is on the entire barrel and comes in many combinations of knurling and grooves. The various grip types allow the player comfortable finger placement.

dimplex grip knurling grip razor darts shark fin darts smooth barrel darts parts of a dart


Shafts come in many lengths and with various flight shapes added allow you to fine-tune your darts. Darts are affected by air resistance and the natural pull of gravity. In order to achieve the trajectory and flight pattern best suited for your throwing style, you should experiment with the various shaft lengths and flight shapes to suit you. By doing this, you are modifying the dart to match you rather than changing your throwing style to accommodate the dart. Normally, when your dart has an excessive wobble, it can be corrected by shortening the shaft length.

dart shafts

Although there are many shaft lengths, the most common lengths used are the medium, short, and extra short. These shaft lengths are the standards and are the lengths that can be found in most shops that carry dart supplies. There are other sizes available allowing a large selection to serious players.


The different shaped flights will have an effect on the aerodynamics of the trajectory. Flights help steer the dart to the dartboard. There are many shapes of dart flights and each will affect your trajectory differently. As a rule of thumb, the heavier darts need a broader surface area to provide enough lift so the dart tracks to the board. This will ensure it lands either horizontal to the floor or with a slight upward angle. The lighter dart requires less lift and drag. Therefore the steel tip player can put a large arc on the dart trajectory to the board and the dart will still stick in the board. A slight arc on the trajectory of a soft tip dart would bounce out. This is because the angle of the surface holes on the board requires the dart to be thrown on a flat trajectory.

flight shapes

Flights are made of different materials and there are various types, thicknesses, and colors. Most players enjoy different designs from the broad selections available.

When it comes to choosing the weight and style, there really isn't a wrong answer, it all depends on your play style. Normally a player will change darts many times, so don't spend a lot until you have a better idea as to which dart fits your style. Ultimately, it all comes down to what makes you feel most comfortable when you're at the line.

One of the best sites I have found for help on many dart related topics: – The Best Darts Resource On The Internet





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